# Ggplot Remove Y Axis Tick Labels

In the fifth part of the series R : Graphics Tutorial Series ( Part 5 ) we learnt about the ggplot2 package and how it can be used to produce some beautiful graphs in R. see stackoverflow’s answer; use theme_classic() set the legend on the top right corner. In the above plot, the ticks on the X axis appear at 0, 200, 400 and 600. Hi, I was trying to remove the axis tick marks and their values using theme() but haven't had much success. We will use the "Computer" dataset from the "Ecdat" package looking specifically at the difference in price of computers based on the inclusion of a cd-rom. By default, the y-axis tick labels use exponential notation with an exponent value of 4 and a base of 10. One of my favorite packages in R is ggplot2, created by Hadley Wickham. This article describes how to format ggplot date axis using the R functions scale_x_date() and scale_y_date(). In the geom_label call, we do some data transformation to convert the data to long format and generate the x-values for the box locations. The ggthemr R package is an R package to set up a new theme for your ggplot figures, and completely change the look and feel of your figures, from colours to gridlines. col: logical. How do I make the axis labels use multiples of \pi in PGFPlots? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. This vignette shows how the plots created by the sjp. In the Axis Label Row panel, be sure to select the Minor Tick Marks box so that the tick marks appear on the axis. I haven’t explicitly asked it to draw any points. y = yaxis children [[2]]. Solution Swapping X and Y axes. Set the Exponent property of the ruler object associated with the y-axis. Setting tick mark labels. The breaks argument will allow us to specify where the ticks appear. js is a re-usable, easy interface JavaScript chart library, based on D3 v4+. to polish a plot. The function scale_x_continuous() and scale_y_continuous() can be used for ggplot axis breaks settings. 0; by Markus; Last updated almost 3 years ago Hide Comments (-) Share Hide Toolbars. Plotting igraph objects with ggplot2 I have been working collaborating on a project with Dustin Martin using network theory. functions of the sjPlot package can be customized. Name Description; name: Label for y axis. ratio is the size of the minor tick mark relative to the major tick mark. xticks(range(1850, 2011, 20), fontsize=14) plt. We also remove the gray in the facet headings, strip. Install ggpubr (version >= 0. I am sure that ggplot is in fact educating the average user about proper visualization techniques. I'm using R and ggplot to draw a scatterplot of some data, all is fine except that the numbers on the y-axis are coming out with computer style exponent formatting, i. p + facet_wrap(~ interaction(cyl, drv), scales='free_y'). In this section, we are going to make our first plot. Map on which to plot data, specified as one of the values listed in the table. Access the ruler object through the YAxis property of the Axes object. y; element_blank() will remove the title of the X and Y axis. Using the scale_y_continuous(position="right") I expected that the y axis (label + tickmarks and values) will move to the right. Tick marks and axis lines are only available for. A minimum reproducible example is as follows;. We will learn how to adjust x- and y-axis ticks using the scales package, how to add trend lines to a scatter plot and how to customize plot labels, colors and overall plot appearance using ggthemes. 4e+05, 5e+05, etc. If specified, it overrides the data from the ggplot call. Hide x and y axis tick mark labels. Compare the bar chart (from previous example): awind<-doh + geom_bar(width = 1) This shows x axis, gap beneath the x axis providing a separation to tick lines with x axis labels below tick lines. Basic ggplot2. see stackoverflow’s answer; use theme_classic() set the legend on the top right corner. Prevent labels overlapping in the x-axis; Move x-tick labels horizontally along the x-axis; Adding labels to the x and y axes in the bar chart; Adding the title to the bar chart in Matplotlib; Multiple bars in Matplotlib; Offsetting multiple bars along the x-axis; Reduce the width of bars; Adding legends to bar chart in Matplotlib; Bringing. One of: NULL for no breaks. functions of the sjPlot package can be customized. x inherits from axis. Setting tick labels from a list of values. If there is a tick label displayed at this value, hide it. Discrete axis Changing the order of items. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. In the example above the axis. Hide legend; Change. We'll also increase the font size of the month labels and left-align them. This sort of thing bugs me because I have a deep need to do. How to remove tick label from y axis. We start by creating a basic box plot colored by groups. Change the appearance of the main title, subtitle, caption, axis labels and text, as well as the legend title and texts. For example, on the x-axis, you can use lineheight=3,vjust=0 to move the x-axis title down and away from the tick labels. How to remove only the number on axis but show the tick marks This post has NOT been accepted by the mailing list yet. It provides several examples with reproducible code showing how to use function like geom_label and geom_text. Change the exponent value to 2. We also do some relabelling for prettier plot labels. Remove a specific component from a ggplot. Set the Exponent property of the ruler object associated with the y-axis. p 1 <-p 1 + theme (axis. Name Description; name: Label for x axis. (a) I put the Y-axis over to the right-hand side, but now the major tick mark labels are on the wrong side of the Axis. Remove quotes to use. To fully remove all evidence of the axes, we must separately remove axis lines, ticks, text (axis break labels), and titles. text) additional element specifications not part of base ggplot2. The examples refer to the sjp. Rewrite the code above to abbreviation as the label through aes. See Axes (ggplot2) for information on how to modify the axis labels. Dear all, a question came up on mrunix. The function scale_x_continuous() and scale_y_continuous() can be used for ggplot axis breaks settings. There might be a better way of doing this than the approach I took below. While this works with "normal" charts it does not seem to do the right thing with coord_polar(). Default value is FALSE. ylim(63, 85) # Make sure your axis ticks are large enough to be easily read. If you run this with the release version, you'll see that the x axis labels are e^0, e^2, e^4 and so on. I am sure that ggplot is in fact educating the average user about proper visualization techniques. We also add a label to each Y axis. This is obviously unacceptable, so I want to get it to display them as 500,000, 400,000, and so on. Add text labels to the points. Everything is working fine, except I cannot figure out how to rename the axis labels in ggplot. I could add axis names, but the bbplot package make them disappear by default. A character vector giving labels (must be same length as breaks) A function that takes the breaks as input and returns labels as output. Change the color of the labels through blue. Getting to Know grid Graphics. We will learn to modify the appearance of the points in a different post. First, we will reduce the y-axis range to0-$150k (this will remove a few points from the data); we will force the x-axis and y-axis units to match so that a unit of$50k on the x-axis has the same length as that on the y-axis. One of: NULL for no breaks. Data journalists know how to do this really well, and every day you can find beautiful new. 7 L’art de la visualisation graphique R avec ggplot2 Daname KOLANI. (a) I put the Y-axis over to the right-hand side, but now the major tick mark labels are on the wrong side of the Axis. Remove a ggplot Component. Needs categorical data on x axis and numerical data on y axis. You can also set axis and legend labels in the individual scales (using the first argument, the name). yticks(range(65, 86, 5), fontsize=14) # Along the same vein, make sure your axis labels are large # enough to be easily read as well. axis - ggplot2 version 2. Set the Exponent property of the ruler object associated with the y-axis. font() to change the appearance of titles and labels. limits: Where y axis starts/stops. AxisItem¶ class pyqtgraph. The ggplot2 package, created by Hadley Wickham, offers a powerful graphics language for creating elegant and complex plots. We can even set the tick marks to be different words. I had previously used tickwidth=0, but that gets rid of the x ticks, too. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Name Description; name: Label for x axis. In this article, you will learn how to set ggplot breaks for continuous x and y axes. With a single function you can split a single plot into many related plots using facet_wrap() or facet_grid(). We’ll move them outside as otherwise the x-axis labels will appear over them. Codes are defined in strftime(). Dear all, a question came up on mrunix. For some graph types, care is required as data outside the axis range can be lost. Plotting igraph objects with ggplot2 I have been working collaborating on a project with Dustin Martin using network theory. You can also set axis and legend labels in the individual scales (using the first argument, the name). x inherits from axis. How would I do this? In the image below I would like 'clarity' and all of the tick marks and labels removed so that just the axis line is there. The Complete ggplot2 Tutorial - Part 2 | How To Customize ggplot2 (Full R code) This is part 2 of a 3-part tutorial on ggplot2, an aesthetically pleasing (and very popular) graphics framework in R. How about removing the x-axis label and saving it as a ggplot object. # Faceting Attributes # # First create some sample data using diamonds dataset (this comes with R installation so no worries) set. Can be configured to fit on any side of a plot, and can automatically synchronize its displayed scale with ViewBox items. ggplot2 is a part of the tidyverse, an ecosystem of packages designed with common APIs and a shared philosophy. I start from scratch and discuss how to construct and customize almost any ggplot. The aim of this tutorial is to describe how to modify plot titles (main title, axis labels and legend titles) using R software and ggplot2 package. I had previously used tickwidth=0, but that gets rid of the x ticks, too. To illustrate, the code below assigns 10 random numbers to x and then prints it using both ticks and quotes. frame(names=tolower(LETTERS[1:4]),mean_p=runif(4)). How do I make the axis labels use multiples of \pi in PGFPlots? Stack Exchange Network Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow , the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. 4 Remove Axis Labels. Go ahead and take a look at the data by typing it into R as I have below. La grammaire graphique en statistique, expliquée et appliquée Version 1. A handy function to gain deeper control into the axis is the axis function which can control among other things at which values the tick marks are drawn, what axis labels to put under the tick marks, the line type and width of the axis line, the width of the tick marks, the color of the tick marks and axis line. Move the x-axis labels to top and hide their tick marks. The goal of this tutorial is to describe how to customize axis tick marks and labels in R software using ggplot2 package. "excellence in statistic graphs consists of complex ideas communicated with clarity, precision and efficiency. Add a group in the bars. xticks(ticks) sets the x-axis tick values, which are the locations along the x-axis where the tick marks appear. minorticks_off: Remove minor ticks from the axes. ylim(63, 85) # Make sure your axis ticks are large enough to be easily read. Next, get rid of the extra space that ggplot puts around the extremes of the data to avoid the awkward empty strip on the right and left where the densities don't interpolate. Fixed ratio between x and y axes; Axis labels and text formatting; Tick mark. rremove (object) Arguments. should plotly. date_labels. This post will provide explanation on how to customize the axis and title of a plot that utilizes ggplot2. Align labels on the top or bottom edge. ggplot2 Cheatsheet from R for Public Health # Use theme to change axis label style t 2 <-theme # counts on y-axis g 1 <-ggplot. Adding the title, removing axis labels, and removing a lot of the default theme. Finally, use the theme() function to remove the y-axis ticks because the density lines already serve the purpose to point to the y-axis labels. The difference is tick marks assume the marked object references a symbol. x & y major and minor. In the example above the axis. In this R graphics tutorial, you will learn how to:. To remove the backplane, use the NOFRAME option in the procedure. com ouput from R with ggplot2. y = element_blank ()) Axis title. ), easy to use, and highly customizable; I was still wondering if there is a way in R to plot a simple pollen diagram using only general plot syntax an preferably ggplot2. axis - ggplot2 version 2. While this is convenient for exploratory plots, it’s often not adequate for plots for presentations and papers. I am trying to remove the physical tick marks from imagesc on both the x and y axes, but have labels for both axes I want to keep. After that we remove p tags. limits: Where x axis starts/stops. close all x = linspace(0,4*pi); y = sin(x); plot(x,y). With a single function you can split a single plot into many related plots using facet_wrap() or facet_grid(). Name Description; name: Label for x axis. text) additional element specifications not part of base ggplot2. (only 1 grid) y=TRUE, y2=TRUE: Both axis are independent and have their own ticks. Application of ggplot2 to Pharmacometric Graphics. In the fifth part of the series R : Graphics Tutorial Series ( Part 5 ) we learnt about the ggplot2 package and how it can be used to produce some beautiful graphs in R. R # @author Mitch Richling # @Copyright Copyright 2015 by Mitch. yaxis_date: Sets up y-axis ticks and labels that treat the y data as dates. The goal of this tutorial is to describe how to customize axis tick marks and labels in R software using ggplot2 package. What I like about the tick lines on the axes here is that they show the "distortion" that is introduced by the logarithmic transformation. We keep however paragraph tags. In addition, you might have a look at the other R tutorials of my website. Sometimes when plotting factor variables in R, the graphics can look pretty messy thanks to long factor levels. The variables representing the X and Y axis can be specified either in ggplot() or in geom_point(). In the above plot, the ticks on the X axis appear at 0, 200, 400 and 600. SetNoExponent(kTRUE). It quickly touched upon the various aspects of making ggplot. For example, use tooltip = c("y", "x", "colour") if you want y first, x second, and colour last. to polish a plot. What is not working in your case? grid. Giving them the "flawed" speech is often pointless. As you can see there are some weird labels/texts on the upper right part of the chart. In this section, we are going to make our first plot. 5 I want to remove the first origin label. I want to display 29 boxplots (numbered 1. A handy function to gain deeper control into the axis is the axis function which can control among other things at which values the tick marks are drawn, what axis labels to put under the tick marks, the line type and width of the axis line, the width of the tick marks, the color of the tick marks and axis line. Line graphs with error bars; Saving a graph to PDF, or PNG. (b) I'm not doing a great job of creating a moving/scrolling window of 25 points. In this article you learned how to set the axis limits of a ggplot in. I am sure that ggplot is in fact educating the average user about proper visualization techniques. If waiver(), the default, the name of the scale is taken from the first mapping used for that aesthetic. ticklabel_format: Change the ScalarFormatter used by default for linear axes. It provides several examples with reproducible code showing how to use function like geom_label and geom_text. For example, roughly taking from the examples in sec_axis:. Essentially, you leave the axis titles of the individual plots blank and then use the ggpubr annotate_figure() function to create new axis labels for the entire figure. The airport labels at the bottom aren't very visible and aren't very important, since there's a colour key to the side; we can get rid of the text and ticks using theme() options. Depending on whether one wants to modify the x or the y axis scale_x_* or scale_y_* are to be employed. Used as the axis or legend title. This article describes how to change ggplot axis labels. In the above plot, the ticks on the X axis appear at 0, 200, 400 and 600. Similarly, when subplots have a shared y-axis along a row, only the y tick labels of the first column subplot are created. text("Date"); // added to display the label for axis When I remove the code that renders the tick labels at an angle, the x axis label text will be rendered. One of my favorite packages in R is ggplot2, created by Hadley Wickham. Remove ggplot Axis Ticks. I'm using R and ggplot to draw a scatterplot of some data, all is fine except that the numbers on the y-axis are coming out with computer style exponent formatting, i. R # @author Mitch Richling # @Copyright Copyright 2015 by Mitch. , and you want to remove it, you can do so by setting the respective argument to NULL. I have published several tutorials for the ggplot2 package already: Rotate ggplot2 Axis Labels in R; Set Axis Limits in ggplot2 R Plot; Remove Axis Labels & Ticks of ggplot2 Plot; Change ggplot2 Legend Title; Remove ggplot2 Legend Entirely; Change Position of ggplot Title. For example, on the x-axis, you can use lineheight=3,vjust=0 to move the x-axis title down and away from the tick labels. This command affects the current axes. The goal of this tutorial is to describe how to customize axis tick marks and labels in R software using ggplot2 package. First let’s grab some data using the built-in beaver1 and beaver2 datasets within R. rremove: Remove a ggplot Component (x axis tick labels) "y. , e or 10) when you use the appropriate scale. Is there a way to remove the ticks, or control the size of them so they are virtually invisible?. Another solution would be to remove the redundant info from the labels. csv("McKibben_Henning_2018. We'll also explain how to rotate axis labels by specifying a rotation angle. We will use the "Computer" dataset from the "Ecdat" package looking specifically at the difference in price of computers based on the inclusion of a cd-rom. We start by creating a basic box plot colored by groups. Aligning ggplot2 graphs on a page May 22, 2014 Let’s say you have two graphs, a box plot and a line graph, with the same x axis and would like to have them aligned in a single two panel plot. Let’s say you think it’s overkill to label the x-axis twice and want to remove the axis from the second plot. name: The name of the scale. The goal of this tutorial is to describe how to customize axis tick marks and labels in R software using ggplot2 package. Because the y axis labels of the first plot are very long, the y axis title of the second plot is located far removed from the axis labels. Application of ggplot2 to Pharmacometric Graphics. Used as the axis or legend title. This article describes how to format ggplot date axis using the R functions scale_x_date() and scale_y_date(). It's one of the things that really hooked me into using R for data analysis. You can customize any element of the plot including fonts, colors and more! Below you do the following: Remove the x and y axis ticks and label using the theme argument. In ggplot2 is an easy-to-learn structure for R graphics code. You can set up Plotly to work in online or offline mode. Under Tick Labels tab, select Table subset. Remove duplicates. Codes are as follows. see stackoverflow’s answer; use theme_classic() set the legend on the top right corner. ggplot(dx, aes(x, y)) + geom_point(size=4) + geom_line() The resulting plot consists of three layers: the raw data layer, points layer and lines layer. Remove a ggplot Component. Let us say we want the ticks to appear more closer i. Access the ruler object through the YAxis property of the Axes object. multi-row-x-axis-labels-in-ggplot. Is there a way to remove the ticks, or control the size of them so they are virtually invisible?. axis_ticks. To remove the backplane, use the NOFRAME option in the procedure. frame(names=tolower(LETTERS[1:4]),mean_p=runif(4)). Sometimes when plotting factor variables in R, the graphics can look pretty messy thanks to long factor levels. Examples on this page. # # Y-axis tick labels: # Put left-axis labels on the first column of subplots, # odd rows. Asked by I have a y axis with labels on the y axis -1 -0. ggplot2 is a part of the tidyverse, an ecosystem of packages designed with common APIs and a shared philosophy. How to change the number of breaks on a datetime axis with R and ggplot2 May 6, 2017 · 3 minute read · Comments It took me a surprising amount of time to find how to change the tick interval on ggplot2 datetime axes, without manually specifying the date of each position. Tip: To set default minor tick marks for a variable, which avoids making this change every time you run an analysis, see Axis in The Column Info Window. Theme elements can inherit properties from other theme elements. (a) I put the Y-axis over to the right-hand side, but now the major tick mark labels are on the wrong side of the Axis. This is only to illustrate a concept so I don't want too many things in the graph and therefore only show 4 specific time points on the x axis (Start, n-1, n, End). Basic format. Except for the trans argument any of the arguments can be set to derive() which would result in the secondary axis inheriting the settings from the primary axis. Note: If you are showing a ggplot inside a function, you need to explicitly save it and then print using the print(gg), like we just did above. y = yaxis children [[2]]. Remove a specific component from a ggplot. Minor ticks can be added in several fashions. Note that by default the axis is suppressed. How to modify axis titles in R and ggplot2. This tutorial shows how to remove legends in plots of the R ggplot2 package. Compare the bar chart (from previous example): awind<-doh + geom_bar(width = 1) This shows x axis, gap beneath the x axis providing a separation to tick lines with x axis labels below tick lines. [Pgfplots-features] Remove y ticks and labels. The axis label ("name" parameter) does still appear. limits: Where y axis starts/stops. coord_sf() has much-improved customization of axis tick labels. We’ll also explain how to rotate axis labels by specifying a rotation angle. Can be configured to fit on any side of a plot, and can automatically synchronize its displayed scale with ViewBox items. to polish a plot. Increase the. Examples on this page. Let's also use the LaCroixColoR package to give this geom_count chart a new colour scheme. Introduction of the measles vaccine is shown as the black line in 1963. You can add as many layers as you wish. 5 for center; hjust = 1 for right-align; Sometimes the labels do not align perfectly. (The seq function is a base R function that indicates the start and endpoints and the units to increment by respectively. I am sure that ggplot is in fact educating the average user about proper visualization techniques. Using bottom x axis as an example, if your x data is text or categorical. X-axis shows years and y-axis shows the names of states. name: The name of the scale. This package allows you to create scientific quality figures of everything from shapefiles to NMDS plots. Change the appearance of the main title, subtitle, caption, axis labels and text, as well as the legend title and texts. 5 I want to remove the first origin label -1. Theme created above to help with grid lines, tick marks, axis size/fonts, etc. 여기선 theme()를 사용해서 경계선의 옵션에 대해서 알아보자. It takes care of many of the ﬁddly details. The goal of this tutorial is to describe how to customize axis tick marks and labels in R software using ggplot2 package. Hadley wickham Hi Sebastian, axis. The value represents the offset as a proportion to the total length of the axis. Is there a way to remove the ticks, or control the size of them so they are virtually invisible?. They contain two lines as markers and two labels; one each for the bottom and top positions (in case of an XAxis) or for the left and right positions (in case of a YAxis). That's a bit unfortunate, because it's the first function I wrote in earnest using ggplot2 and ggplot2 itself has undergone some updates since then, meaning my code is clunky, outdated and, er, broken. By default the month labels will be placed inside the panel. The origin of the horizontal axis is the left end of the axis, and the origin of the vertical axis is the bottom of the axis. Creating plots in R using ggplot2 - part 10: boxplots written April 18, 2016 in r , ggplot2 , r graphing tutorials This is the tenth tutorial in a series on using ggplot2 I am creating with Mauricio Vargas Sepúlveda. dynamicTicks. Remove a ggplot Component. Fixing Axes and Labels in R Plot Using Basic Options Riaz Khan, South Dakota State University August 8, 2017. p 1 <-p 1 + theme (axis. Application of ggplot2 to Pharmacometric Graphics. Plot with 2 y axes, one y axis on the left, and another y axis on the right Sometimes a client wants two y scales. The functions below can be used :. Cmdlinetips. , two vertices of. Hide x and y axis tick mark labels. For example, roughly taking from the examples in sec_axis:. generates tick positions and axis labels. text" or "axis. How can I use a graphic imported with grImport as axis tick labels in ggplot2(using grid functions)? adding x and y axis labels in ggplot2 ; Number formatting axis labels in ggplot2? Superscript and subscript axis labels in ggplot2. multi-row-x-axis-labels-in-ggplot. The wind rose: awind<-doh + geom_bar(width = 1) + coord_polar() Does not have. Creating plots in R using ggplot2 - part 10: boxplots written April 18, 2016 in r , ggplot2 , r graphing tutorials This is the tenth tutorial in a series on using ggplot2 I am creating with Mauricio Vargas Sepúlveda. Adjust the y axis label so that the parentheses are the right size. Default for y-axis labels. X-axis shows years and y-axis shows the names of states. Change plot titles and labels as follow: # Change titles and axis. name: The name of the scale. In this series of blog posts, I provide step-by-step tutorials explaining how my visualization have evolved from a typical basic ggplot. We will learn to modify the appearance of the points in a different post. Thanks a lot. Changing the order of items; Setting tick mark labels; Continuous axis. * and plot_model() functions of the sjPlot package can be customized. Add a trend line. Basic ggplot2. ticks = element_line (colour = "white"),. The uniroot() function can take a function and search across an interval for the root of that function (or, in this case, where two functions intersect). For example the limits of the y axis will be -4-10 and the limits for the x axis will be 0-14, and that the y and x axis will intersect at (0, 0). This plot will be based on the gapminder dataset that can be found here. > > > The second issue that I'm trying to solve has to do with the range of the > values on the axis of y since the number of new cases per year depends > very much on the type of cancer. Use the %1 notation to include the current tick label at any point in the expression. Now, this is a complete and full fledged tutorial. 5 for center; hjust = 1 for right-align; Sometimes the labels do not align perfectly. As you can see there are some weird labels/texts on the upper right part of the chart. labels: Labels for x ticks. If None, the data from from the ggplot call is used. Tick Mark Labels. , two vertices of. text" for both x and y axis texts. This includes the plots on the last row, and # if the last row doesn't have a subplot in every column # put tick labels on the next row up for those last # columns. The user supplies axis labels, legend entries and the plot coordinates for one or more plots and PGFPlots applies axis scaling, computes any logarithms and axis ticks and draws the plots, supporting line plots, scatter plots, piecewise constant plots, bar plots, area plots, mesh-- and surface plots and some more. A geom such as geom_bar() or geom_boxplot() must be added. I need to remove everything on the x-axis including the labels and tick marks so that only the y-axis is labeled. To illustrate the distinction between coord_trans and scale_, we will generate some curvilinear data. The goal of this tutorial is to describe how to customize axis tick marks and labels in R software using ggplot2 package. Except for the trans argument any of the arguments can be set to derive() which would result in the secondary axis inheriting the settings from the primary axis. Reading the ggplot book would be worthwhile for more complex graphs. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to$960 billion this fiscal year, and back over \$1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: